|Eroded mound on the wide flat floor of Antoniadi, the crater that the Moon's lowest elevations. Field of view 1.03 kilometers, sunlight from the north over this farside site within the ancient South Pole-Aitken impact basin. LROC Narrow Angle Camera observation M154024477R, orbit 7832, March 6, 201; image center 69.380°S, 184.678°E, resolution 0.86 meters from an altitude of 54.6 kilometers. View the larger Featured Image HERE [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University].|
LROC News System
Today's Featured Image highlights a circular mound with about 1.1 km in diameter, located on the floor of Antoniadi crater. Central portion, about 650 m across, consists of steeper hemispherical dome, and shallower outer skirt. This unusual feature looks like a flattened kagami-mochi (A Japanese new year decoration composed of two flat circled rice cakes, the smaller placed atop the larger). How did this mound form?
Antoniadi crater is about 143 km in diameter, and is located in the south portion of South Pole-Aitken basin. The central circular portion of the crater floor, about 55 km across, is relatively flat and smooth, formed as a very fluid mare basalt flooded the floor and then hardened. The mound in today's Featured Image is found on this flat surface. Perhaps the mound started out as a small pyroclastic cone, and was covered by late stage lavas? How did the skirt form? There are still many mysteries on the Moon. As LRO collects more measurements the seemingly odd features, like this kagami-mochi mound, will become more familiar.
|SELENE-1 (Kaguya) Terrain Camera (TC-044-3) view across the floor of Antoniadi. The faded and small yellow arrow designates the location of the mound in the LROC Featured Image. The crater a lower center is Antoniadi A, an otherwise normal crater for its roughly 11 km width and age, except its floor hosts the Moon's lowest elevation below global mean (-9094 meters). View an enlarged version HERE [JAXA/SELENE].|
|LROC Wide Angle Camera (WAC) mosaic with WAC-derived DTM false color (GLD100) elevation encoding showing Antoniadi and it's deep surroundings well within South Pole-Aitken impact basin. Crater center is 69.38°S, 186.47°E. [NASA/GSFC/DLR/Arizona State University].|
Many similar shaped mounds are found on Antoniadi's smooth and flat floor, but are relatively rare on other mare surfaces. Why only in this particular crater? The reason might be due to the relatively young age, this mare basalt is younger than 2.6 billion years. Over time such small features will erode into the background due to the relentless effects of micro-meteorite impacts which work to equalize topographic features.
Find other kagami-mochi shaped mounds in the full NAC frame yourself!
Pancakes in a melt pond
Anomalous mounds on the King crater floor
Farside Highlands Volcanism!